Best Paper Award Silver
Mr. Amrit Karmarkar
Theme of Conference: Research, Technology and Innovation: The Bedrock for Global Development
Article Topic: Determination of relationship and frequency of sensorineural hearing loss in previously diagnosed diabetes mellitus and/or hypertensive adults using qualitative semi-structured interviews
hearing loss (SNHL) is most common form of hearing loss, (90% of hearing loss cases).
It was observed that diabetes and hypertension both can cause SNHL through
diabetic microangiography and hypertensive retinopathy in ear respectively.
Considering prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in India, particularly in
state of Maharashtra and their association with sensorineural hearing loss, it
was decided to evaluate relationship and frequency of SNHL in adult population
of Mumbai metropolitan region.
The aim of study
was to investigate relationship and frequency of SNHL due to previously diagnosed
diabetes mellitus and/or hypertension in adult population of Mumbai metropolitan
region. In present study, protocol was designed for semi-structured qualitative
interviews of physicians to determine relationship and prevalence of SNHL. In
total 25 respondents were replied to semi-structured interviews.
interviews of physicians and audiologists revealed that there exists close association
with duration and control of diabetes and/or hypertension. In semi-structured interviews
it was found that out of all SNHL patients, there were 71 .43% cases of
diabetes; 39.29% cases of hypertension; and 53.57% of both diabetes and
hypertension. Severity of hearing loss due to diabetes and/or hypertension was
found to be moderate with more prevalence in age group of 50-60 years.
It was found
that sensorineural hearing loss occurs due to diabetes and/or hypertension.
Better control of these conditions at early stage might prevent causation or
progression of sensorineural hearing loss. There is need to create awareness
amongst public about hearing loss and utility of hearing aids.