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Title: COMPARISON OF PATIENTS’ SELF-DIAGNOSIS OF MALARIA AND THEIR TEST RESULTS FROM MEDICAL LABORATORY A

Authors: Achankeng Nkemasong Simon

Topic: Public Health

Abstract:

Malaria remains one of the most wild spread infectious diseases of humankind, threatening approximately half the world’s population and causing debilitating illness in more than 216 million people  morbidity and mortality is particularly high in sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria is prevalent throughout Cameroon with transmission being affected by climate and geography, increased drug resistance and the lack of adequate vector control measles. It accounts for 40 to 45% of medical consultations, 57% of hospitalization days and 40% of mortality among children below 5years. The objective of this study wee to determine the proportion of patients attending Limbe Regional Hospital  whose self- diagnosis of malaria is confirm with Laboratory Analysis. A questionnaire was administered to the participants in a cross-section study. The respondent’s consent was sought. Data was analyzed manually for chi square. The level of significant was set at p>0.05. in this study, 65.7%  of the 105 participants successfully self diagnosed malaria. Also,71.4% of the studied participants knew the true cause of malaria to be plasmodium parasite .The commonest signs and symptoms as mentioned by the respondent were as follows : 33(31.4%) increased by body temperature , 23(21.9%)  headache ,12(11.429%)body pains .12(11.4%) sweating and 25(23.8%) gave other symptoms .The level of education attained by respondents  greatly influenced   their ability to self-diagnosed malaria and to know the true cause of malaria  (x2 calculated =14.02, x2Tabulated=5.99,P<0.05).Competent authorities  need to intensify and implement proper health education messages on the risk factors of malaria in order to improve upon the understanding of disease in the nation.

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    COMMENT - 1

  • Daniel Chirundu (Viewer) 16th Nov 2015 - 4:42 PM
    Are you a student of Texila. Which degree are you doing?
    • ACHANKENG NKEMASONG SIMON (Author) 18th Nov 2015 - 3:49 PM
      Yes am a student at TAU, studying MPH

  • COMMENT - 2

  • OBAJEMU ALICE OLUWATOSIN (Viewer) 17th Nov 2015 - 2:50 PM
    Where was this study carried out? It wasn't mentioned in your abstractabstract and in the Research Title.
    • ACHANKENG NKEMASONG SIMON (Author) 18th Nov 2015 - 3:51 PM
      The study was carried out at the Limbe Regional Hospital, South West Region, Cameroon

  • COMMENT - 3

  • NDWIGA TARATISIO (Viewer) 17th Nov 2015 - 5:03 PM
    Check this sentence. 4th sentence in your abstract.
    The objective of this study wee to determine the proportion of patients attending Limbe Regional Hospital whose self- diagnosis of malaria is confirm with Laboratory Analysis. Please change "malaria is confirm" to "malaria is to confirm".

    Thank you.
    • ACHANKENG NKEMASONG SIMON (Author) 24th Nov 2015 - 2:34 PM
      Thanks

  • COMMENT - 4

  • NDWIGA TARATISIO (Viewer) 17th Nov 2015 - 5:09 PM
    This sentence "Malaria remains most wild spread infection disease of human kind, treating approximately half of the world’s population and causing debilitating illness I more than 260 million people. " After illness and after I, insert "n" to make it "in".

    Thank you.
    • ACHANKENG NKEMASONG SIMON (Author) 24th Nov 2015 - 2:35 PM
      Thanks

  • COMMENT - 5

  • Vivian mwiinga (Viewer) 20th Nov 2015 - 12:20 AM
    Good article Simon,
    There is need to address the typographical errors in the abstract and main article
    The conclusion should not have statistical figures , instead narrations should be used to highlight the main points.
    what sampling method did you use to select the respondents?
    what was the proportion of patients with positive laboratory results?
    To what extent did self diagnosed results match laboratory results?
    my regards
    • ACHANKENG NKEMASONG SIMON (Author) 24th Nov 2015 - 2:58 PM
      All patients that were asked to be tested for malaria asked if they would like to participant in the study. No particular sampling method was used.
      Percentage positive =43.8%
      Percentage negative=56.2%
      Percentage of self diagnosis that did not match with results after analysis=45.7
      Percentage of self diagnosis that match with results after analysis=54.3

  • COMMENT - 6

  • UDOGWU FELIX (Viewer) 22nd Nov 2015 - 12:54 AM
    Self diagnosis of a suspected case of plasmodiasis can be confusing with a case of typhoid fever.because they both have the same sign and symtoms.i want to ask,did you see the patient and ask them on face to face interview what was thier personal diagnosis before alowing them to go for the test,was widal test included in the test to rule out thyphoid?
    • ACHANKENG NKEMASONG SIMON (Author) 24th Nov 2015 - 2:43 PM
      A face to face interview was conducted for participants who could neither read nor write to help fill the questionnaire. Check on columns 7&11 on the “research data collected” towards the end of the paper
      There is also a question in the questionnaire that requires the participant to select the sign as systems of malaria. Signs and symptoms for typhoid fever were also included as possible signs and symptoms for malaria.
      Widal test was not preformed as part of the study.