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Title: THE NIGERIAN HEALTH WORKERS ATTITUDE AND KNOWLEDGE OF THE MIDDLE EAST RESPIRATORY SYNDROME

Authors: Maclawrence Kolapo Famuyiwa

Topic: Public Health

Abstract:

                                                                        Abstract

Background: This is a study done to assess the knowledge and attitude of health care workers in Nigeria about the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). This study became necessary because there is now exportation of the disease from Saudi Arabia, to other countries.

Methods: It is a cross-sectional study, involving 224 respondents. Descriptive statistics was used to get the characteristics, mean attitude and knowledge scores of the study participants. Chi-square test was used to determine the relationship that exists between study variables and questions on attitude. Inferential statistics, Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests, were used to examine differences between study variables. P values < 0.05 were considered significant. Spearman’s rho correlation was employed in the identification of the association between knowledge and attitude scores.

Results: The respondents showed a fairly good knowledge and good attitude towards MERS. There was a significant correlation between knowledge and attitude (r = 0.301, P < 0.001). Respondents showed poorest knowledge in thinking that MERS is still restricted to the Arabian Peninsula (8.5%), however, they showed good knowledge in the type of people the disease is most devastated in (87.9%). Many of the respondents demonstrated a positive attitude in the sharing of MERS related information among peers (1.39 ± 0.866) but their attitude towards their active participation in infection control is the poorest  (2.49 ±1.242).

Conclusions: This study revealed that health care workers in Nigeria have fairly good knowledge and good attitude towards MERS, but demonstrated very poor knowledge and negative attitude in some areas. 

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    COMMENT - 1

  • NDWIGA TARATISIO (Viewer) 25th Nov 2015 - 5:52 PM
    Thanks for your well written paper, however the text in your report is not justified.
    Middle east can not be a Key word.
    • MACLAWRENCE KOLAPO OYEYEMI FAMUYIWA (Author) 26th Nov 2015 - 11:56 AM
      Thanks Taratisio, you have your reason for believing Middle East should not be a key word, and that view I respect.

  • COMMENT - 2

  • Prusha Shwan M. Salih (Viewer) 25th Nov 2015 - 7:06 PM
    Good results
    • MACLAWRENCE KOLAPO OYEYEMI FAMUYIWA (Author) 26th Nov 2015 - 11:57 AM
      Thanks

  • COMMENT - 3

  • BITRA GEORGE (Viewer) 25th Nov 2015 - 8:04 PM
    The author has prepared a very good paper on attitudes and practices of health care workers in Nigeria towards Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). The methodology is robust with excellent data analysis. In the results section, it is encouraging to see that the health care workers had excellent levels of knowledge and information related to MERS. On the other hand, it was disappointing to see the negative attitudes of health care workers towards MERS patients. The discussion section could have been better elaborated. In my experience in training health care workers, I found that the adult participatory methods of training was most effective with case studies, group work and discussion rather than didactic class room training to address knowledge and attitudes of health care workers.
    • MACLAWRENCE KOLAPO OYEYEMI FAMUYIWA (Author) 26th Nov 2015 - 12:02 PM
      Thanks for your alluring comment, I couldn't do better than that on the discussion part of the article because there is a restriction on the number of words for the article by the conference committee...I am highly elated by your appreciative comments.
    • MACLAWRENCE KOLAPO OYEYEMI FAMUYIWA (Author) 26th Nov 2015 - 12:07 PM
      Thanks for your alluring comment, I couldn't do better than that on the discussion part of the article because there is a restriction on the number of words for the article by the conference committee...I am highly elated by your appreciative comments.

  • COMMENT - 4

  • Okam Nwakaego (Viewer) 25th Nov 2015 - 8:39 PM
    Okam,n
    Good work. But the multilpe use of statistical test brings up so many questions.
    Mann-Whitney U-test is used to test for differences between 2 independent groups on a continuous measure, e.g. do males and females differ in terms of their levels of self-esteem. which variable did you test using this?
    It requires two variables (e.g. male/female gender) and one continuous variable (e.g. self-esteem). It actually compares medians. Again,If there are only two groups then it is the equivalent of the Mann-Whitney U-test, so you may as well use that test
    • MACLAWRENCE KOLAPO OYEYEMI FAMUYIWA (Author) 26th Nov 2015 - 12:57 PM
      Thanks for your comment, I sincerely appreciate it, but the concern you raised about Mann Whitney test...the test along with Kruskal Walls test was used to test the variability in the knowledge and attitude of the respondents based on their age, professional experience, gender and profession, you can carefully go through the methodology and Table 6 of the result section to understand this better.

  • COMMENT - 5

  • Adebayo Kazeem (Viewer) 26th Nov 2015 - 1:36 AM
    Almost a good work but distorted with too many statistical analysis and errors giving impression that this Author is merely a Statistician and not well tutored in the rudiments of public health policies, poor graphic display, no table of content, and how can an article of this nature be deficient of literature review, is a good research works all about numbers and figures? how do you educate your readers, how do you carry them along connecting the past to the present, somebody can go through this article and will still not understand what MERS is all about. I believe as a PHD student you should have done better.

  • COMMENT - 6

  • MACLAWRENCE KOLAPO OYEYEMI FAMUYIWA (Author) 26th Nov 2015 - 12:24 PM
    I just copied out the author guidelines for this conference, in case you are not aware of it....The Original manuscript shall have maximum of 6500 words and should be in the following format: Title in 20 words. Abstract: Includes information such as Objective, Design, Procedure, Results and Conclusion in 250 words. Key Words: in maximum 6 words. Introduction: State the purpose of study in 100 words. Methodology: Describe in sufficient detail to enable others to reproduce the work. Results or Findings: Includes present the findings concisely and logically, referring to accompanying figures and tables where necessary. Discussion/Conclusion: Includes the summary of findings, Limitations, Recommendations for future research in maximum 1500 words. References - Maximum of 40 references... I don't think I have done any wrong following the guidelines as written.

    Though you did not mention the statistical analysis and errors that I made according to you, but the fact of the matter is that for anybody to be a good researcher he must be well versed in the field of statistics, because it is with that that you can establish the reliance, relevancy and generability of your work...I wonder why that became a grouse...so it is expedient for any researcher be flexible to take a careful cognisance of the guidelines when writing his article, since there is a difference between an article writing for a journal and a research project writing.