Best Paper Award Silver
Mr. Maclawrence Kolapo Oyeyemi Famuyiwa
Theme of Conference: New Frontiers in Scientific Research of the Millennium
Article Topic: The Perception of Nigerian Traders about the Symptoms and Transmission of Ebolavirus Disease
This is a study
carried out to gauge the perception of market men and women about Ebola virus
disease and its transmission. It is a cross-sectional questionnaire based
study, in which 126 market men and women were involved. This study became
imperative going by the fact that Nigeria was just recently let off the hook of
the ravages of the virus, and the government of Nigeria pellucid engagement in
mass media campaign to enlighten the citizens about the symptoms and various
modes of transmission of the disease, because the virus still causes serious
devastation in nearby West African countries of Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea,
and most recently Mali, and as not to make a ludicrous mistake of allowing
another Ebola panic in the country.
The analysis of
the data was done using IBM SPSS; descriptive statistics to get the general
characteristics of the study participants. Chi-square test was used to
determine the level of significance of groups of categorical variables. P
values < 0.05 were considered significant.
analysis showed that 126 out of the 150 respondents returned the questionnaires
completely filled, representing 84% of the respondents. The respondents showed
a poor knowledge of animal to man mode of transmission, 20.7% of this mode
chosen by the respondents is that EVD can be transmitted through the eating of
well cooked meat of the known EVD infected animals. 72.3% of the respondent
identified at least two man to man modes of transmission and 68.7% of the
symptoms of Ebola identified include at least one of the early symptoms of EVD.
concluded that the knowledge shown by the respondents is mixed; there was a
good knowledge of man to man mode of transmission while the knowledge of the
animal to man mode of transmission is poor while that of the symptoms of the
disease is average.