Best Paper Award Silver
Mrs. Obayori Olufunke Christianah
Theme of Conference: Research, Technology and Innovation: The Bedrock for Global Development
Article Topic: Peplau's theory of Psychodynamic Nursing and the Nurse-Patient Interaction
aims of this paper was to review a theoretical model useful for developing
nursing knowledge in relation to nurse–patient interactions, Nurses are favorably viewed by the society, most often as
virtuous , benevolent, angelic and admirable. Nurses have been stereotyped
positively as ‘ministering angels’. This positive view of the profession is
frequently experienced first-hand in the clinical practice.
The interaction between a nurse and the patient is in about four
phases as defined by Peplau this includes- Orientation, Identification,
Exploitation and Resolution, although these phases are defined separately,
there is a considerable level of overlap between them.
Issues such as power, the socio-cultural context, and interpersonal competence
are shown to be important in the quality of nurse– patient interactions and
nurses need to take cognizance of these factors in their interactions with
Method: A review of the literature on nurse–patient
interaction was carried out to and areas for further studies identified.
literature was reviewed from the following perspectives, (1) nurse
communication within the nurse–patient interaction, (2) nurse– patient
interaction, (3) patient perception of the nurse– patient interaction, and (4)
patient care-seeking communication.
Peplau’s theory of Psychodynamic nursing.
Nurse–patient interaction is a central element of clinical nursing practice.
This paper shows how Peplau’s model can be used as a theoretical framework for
understanding nurse– patient communication.
to clinical practice: Issues such as power, the
socio-cultural context, and interpersonal competence are important in the
quality of nurse– patient interactions and nurses need to take cognizance of
these factors in their interactions with patients.