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Title: Prevalence and Types of Injuries among Patients treated in Teaching Hospital, Batticaloa

Article Number: EC2/2015/167

Authors: Mr.MI Haseemdeen, Rev.Sr.Dr.Josepha Joseph, Mr.S.Sujendren,

Topic: Medicine


Background: Injuries are the leading causes of death, hospitalizations and disabilities. Traumatic injuries, poisoning and burns are the major types of injuries reported in Sri Lanka, according to the National Health Statistics. Life style changes such as using alcohol and increasing of vehicle usages are believed to be having relation with the prevalence of injuries. Gender and age group also have effects on types of injuries.

Objective: To identify the prevalence of various types of acute injuries in Batticaloa, Teaching Hospital.

Method: It is a cross sectional descriptive study involving simple random sample of one hundred and ninety one (206) injured patients who were atmitted at Teaching Hospital, Batticaloa. Data was collected by using a pre designed structured interviewer administered questionnaire.

Results: Altogether,  206  patients  with  an    age  range  of    01-  80  years  were  studied. Males accounted for 62.8 % of the study sample. Majority of causes are dog bite (33.5 %), and RTA (24.2 %), fall injury (16 %), poisoning (6.3 %) and Cat bite (8.7 %).Among that, 50 % injuries are occur due to the animals in whole injuries. There was a significant relationship between age groups and causes of injuries and there was no relationship between habit of alcohol use and accidental injuries .Among body parts, upper limb (35 %) and lower limb (53 %) are most often affected by injuries. 11. 165 % of injured people get disabilities due to their injuries.

Conclusion: According to this study, majority of injuries are caused by dog bites, road traffic accidents (RTA), fall injuries, poisoning and cat bites respectively. Considering the affected body parts, injuries in upper extremities and lower extremities are more common.  Around 11. 2 % of patients get disabilities as the consequences of their injuries.

Key words: Prevalence, Dislocation, Laceration, Upper limb, Lower limb, Skull, Amputation, Linear, Exponential, Strain, Domestic, Stray, Fatal injuries.


    COMMENT - 1

  • Matin Ahmad Khan (Viewer) 18th Nov 2015 - 3:53 PM
    Congrats to authors for coming up with such a paper.We have only scanty literature available reg this issue. Dog bites are a menace in our country with no policies reg sterilization of dogs.Naturally we have enough dogs in the streets but not easily available for 'Pharmacology ' experiments in our part of the country atleast( eastern India) .I want to share one advertisement which I want to share .In a hoarding the picture of 'tortoise' was depicted with its outer hard shell(covering) was shown like a helmet with a cation' Even the slowest of animals uses a helmet' .

  • COMMENT - 2

  • GABRIEL OMONIYI AYENI (Viewer) 19th Nov 2015 - 1:00 AM
    Dear author, weldone
    please what was your sample sized? was is 191 or 206?
    was there any previous study on same or related matter in that environment?
    what are the limitation to this study?
    I believe this work has public health significance: how do you intend to take it beyond paper work?


  • COMMENT - 3

  • Surya Narayanan Sethumadavan (Viewer) 19th Nov 2015 - 3:28 PM
    Interesting article. Why the disparity in the sample size? Is it 191 or 206?

  • COMMENT - 4

  • Haseemdeen (Author) 19th Nov 2015 - 9:11 PM
    Thank you for your comment what is the wrong you find out with sample size 206............

  • COMMENT - 5

  • Haseemdeen (Author) 19th Nov 2015 - 9:18 PM
    The finding of this study cannot be generalized to all injured patients due to small sample size (n=206).
    ETU, Surgical Wards and ICU were very rush and most of the time, there was no comfortable situation to interview patient. The interviews conducted to administer the questionnaires were done inside a clinic environment while waiting to consult the doctor. There were some disturbances during the interview which was unavoidable.

  • COMMENT - 6

  • Haseemdeen (Author) 21st Nov 2015 - 9:46 PM
    DR MATIN AHMAD KHAN...........Thank you very much for your comment

  • COMMENT - 7

  • AJAI SINGH (Viewer) 24th Nov 2015 - 12:03 PM
    Dear Dr. Haseemdeen,
    Good effort and will improve the quality of work by the analysis of personality traits in relation to trauma.
    Ajai Singh

  • COMMENT - 8

  • Amitabha Ray (Viewer) 25th Nov 2015 - 10:28 PM
    If the data are compared with injury patterns in neighboring South Asian countries, then it will contribute greatly to our understanding of the injury patterns. Hopefully, the authors will undertake that research in a near future.