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Article Number: EC2/2015/146

Authors: Emmanuel Moju Andrea

Topic: Psychology


 Ethnic conflict is an outcome of number of interrelated factors. It is important to cautiously and thoroughly study each of these factors and establish relationship among the characteristics involved. Appropriate approach is useful in an endeavor to resolve ethnic conflicts through a peaceful means.

Ethnic conflict leads, among other things, to the breakdown of law and order, the disruption of economic activities, political stability, humanitarian crises and a state of uncertainty which prevent long run investment and development efforts and peace. A case on line is the conflict that broke out between the SPLA and SPLA in opposition on 15th December 2013, in South Sudan, all the developments made from independence till the date were gone.


Violent ethnic conflict leads to extraordinary displacement of people including vulnerable groups such as women, children, the elderly as well as the disabled who often are seriously affected by violent conflict. Therefore, it is worthwhile to give due concern to interethnic relations and manage it cautiously and systematically. Conflict is like contagious disease. Unwise handling of conflict gives it the opportunity to widespread all of a sudden. If it occurred, conflict must be handled at its early stages. Once allowed to escalate, it would change to violence that cannot be easily remedied and control. A good example is the Central Africa Republic on going ethnic violence between the Muslims and the Christians (Alemayehu, Fantaw, (2009).


    COMMENT - 1

  • Fides A. Urbiztondo (Viewer) 21st Nov 2015 - 2:41 AM
    It is for me a very interesting article though this should be under the subject either political science or social work or law. Anyways, here are my questions as follows:
    1) This article is a very good source of information about the life in South Sudan especially what is going on in Warrap State. It is sad to know and understand the nature of ethnic conflicts that caused poor growth in South Sudan. The downfall of the political, economic, socio and cultural development of South Sudan was due to the ethnic conflicts, high illiteracy, no law enforcement, corrupt government and polygamous culture then who governs South Sudan?
    2) Why the capital of Sudan is much more developed on the other hand the South Sudan it seems abandoned by the government?

  • COMMENT - 2

  • CHETNA PUNIA (Viewer) 23rd Nov 2015 - 12:22 PM
    Interesting article, I would like to know what defines ethnic conflict? Also, I am really keen to know your motivation behind this study.

  • COMMENT - 3

  • PETER JOHN SABATELLI (Viewer) 24th Nov 2015 - 12:47 AM
    Interesting overview in your article. I wonder what stage of democratic development in Sudan has something to do with ethnic conflict?
    • Emmanuel Moju Andrea (Author) 27th Nov 2015 - 11:43 AM
      Dear MANjEET, thank you for your comment and question. The following words definition in the context of this study are defined as follows:violence is defined as the ferocity of an individual, group of people or community reaction which is not mixed with mercy, love and kindness towards a fellow human being or community who offended them in one way or another.
      Ethnic: is an indigenous group of people who leave together share beliefs and customs, happiness and sadness and identify themselves as belonging to specific tribe.
      Conflict: fight which the people involve use every available weapon within their reach
    • Emmanuel Moju Andrea (Author) 27th Nov 2015 - 11:49 AM
      Dear Peter, thank you for your comment and question,
      South Sudan Has been in war since 1956, and there wasn't a period where people have remained stable. South Sudan does not have democracy I can say it is a military government, with very minimum democratic polices and principle to safe guard the clique from human right and the international bodies blames

  • COMMENT - 4

  • R SANTHANAKRISHNAN (Viewer) 25th Nov 2015 - 10:52 PM
    This is a good narration of the present state of the country, with the social an political conditions.

    What is the object of the study and your Hypothesis if any?
    What are the possible solutions you could think of and the possibilities of implementing them and trying to find out a solution on the whole ?

    Dr. R Santhanakrishnan., Ph. D.
    • Emmanuel Moju Andrea (Author) 27th Nov 2015 - 12:05 PM
      Thank you Dr. R SANTHANAKRISHNAN, for your comments and questions, the purpose of the study was to understand the dynamics of the conflict and to generate appropriate solutions. Taking into consideration the local and national efforts invested into reducing the conflict but all in vein. We hope this study could find more appropriate solutions than the then used strategies

  • COMMENT - 5

  • MANJEET KAUR (Viewer) 26th Nov 2015 - 12:46 PM
    Hello Emmanuel , your subject is very interesting. please can you clear the meaning of violent ethnic conflict as a whole ?