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Title: Relationship between Anthropometric parameters and Physical fitness in learners with visual impairment at the University of Jos

Authors: Olawuwo Samuel, Yakubu Alphonsus, Rasaki Suraju

Topic: Education


Physical activity plays an important role in prevention of chronic diseases; insight into the interaction between physical activity and health need to be quantified. The research goal was to investigate relationship between anthropometric parameters and physical fitness in learners with visual impairment. Twenty one male students with various degree of visual impairment participated (aged: 24-51 years) and tested on (1) six anthropometric predictors, including body weight, body height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference and waist-to hip ratio (WHR), and (2) five Physical Fitness Factors (PFF) measuring: Heat rate, Systolic Blood Pressure, Diastolic Blood Pressure, right and left grip strength, flexibility and Aerobic endurance. Correlation and survey research design was adopted for the study. Descriptive statistic (mean, S.D) and inferential statistic (Pearson correlation and regression) were computed with SPSS version 20. Linear (y = a + bx) and multiple linear (y = a + bx + bx …..bnxn) equations were calculated to determine the degree of association and predict PFF from respective anthropometric variables. All anthropometric parameters produced an extremely weak relationship with physical fitness factors. In this study, no association is found between body weight and systolic blood pressure, no relationship between hip circumference and static right grip strength. Considering the goal of this research, it is concluded that there is a significant relationship between health’s related anthropometric measure and physical fitness factors. Then we can use these measurements to predict values in any of the physical fitness components because the techniques are non-invasive and cost effective.


    COMMENT - 1

  • Roy Rillera Marzo (Viewer) 22nd Nov 2015 - 6:01 AM
    Hello Author
    1. In your target population, why is it the female was not included in the study?
    2. Are there inclusion and exclusion criteria in your study?
    3. What are the limitations of your study?
    4. What will be your recommendation for future research based on your study?
    • OLAWUWO Samuel Olutunde (Author) 23rd Nov 2015 - 12:33 PM
      Thanks for your comments
      Female participants are on my exclusion list. Ethical clearance received as at the time of the study only cover male participants.
      Limitation for the study and other recommendation are as follows:
      1. The study is limited to the linear relationship between anthropometric parameters and physical fitness factors of male learner with visual impairment at the University of Jos.
      2. The sample size (N=21) was less and this may affect generalization.

      1. Studies should be carried out to ascertain nonlinear relationship between anthropometric parameters and physical fitness factors.
      2. Studies should be carried out using female learners with visual impairment.
      3. Studies should be done to ascertain differences in relationship between anthropometric parameters in learners with and without visual impairment involve in sport activities.
      4. Subsequent studies may include measurement of body composition using skin fold techniques (Caliper) to ascertain the percentage level of fat.
      5. Interested researcher must increase the sample size to ascertain relationship between the variables of anthropometric and physical fitness.
      6. Further studies should consider true experimentation and probability sampling techniques.

      Hope this answers your query.
      Samuel Olawuwo,PT
      Jos Nigeria

  • COMMENT - 2

  • Valentina Arkorful (Viewer) 22nd Nov 2015 - 10:56 AM
    1. A very good research topic.
    2. A good APA referencing and formatting done.
    3. A larger sample size would have been ideal.
    4. I suggest that you summarise the abstract.
    5. A comparative study on your topic will be beneficial.
    6. Well done.
    • OLAWUWO Samuel Olutunde (Author) 23rd Nov 2015 - 12:43 PM
      Thanks Valentina Arkorful for your comments.

      Q1 A larger sample size would have been ideal.
      I agree with you on increasing the sample size which i mention under limitation to the study, as small sample size will affect generalization.

      Q2 I suggest that you summarize the abstract
      The abstract is within the specified number of words for this conference

      Q3 A comparative study on your topic will be beneficial.
      Yes, I make recommendation for further studies comparing learners with visual and without visual (sighted) impairment.
      I hope this answers your query.
      Thanks for taking time to read my write up.
      Samuel Olawuwo,PT
      Jos Nigeria

  • COMMENT - 3

  • Amina Jangu Alhassan (Viewer) 24th Nov 2015 - 5:09 AM
    Hello Olutunde, your article is very relevant in the present circumstance we find ourselves, whereby almost every activity we undertake is mechanized, or electronized.Medical reports indicate that a lot of diseases are as a result of inactivity. the report will go a long way to change attitudes.

  • COMMENT - 4

  • Elizabeta Imeraj (Viewer) 24th Nov 2015 - 5:22 PM
    Good study

  • COMMENT - 5

  • Novlloyd Celeste (Viewer) 26th Nov 2015 - 12:36 PM
    The study is so interesting!
    It truly suggests that health is wealth.
    With the use of this study, school/agency can make effective health programs for their members who are visually impaired (in case).
    This study was comprehensively and intensively done!
    Good job!