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Article Number: EC2/2015/128

Authors: Terna M. Fiase1, Emmanuel O. Chukwu2 , Habu Haruna3, Kabiru K. Dawa4

Topic: Health Science



Background: Teachers’ job is fast becoming more stressful in recent times, and this tends to affect the level of teaching effectiveness. Stress may be conceptualized as a complex, multivariate process, resulting from a broad system of variables involving inputs, outputs, and the mediating activities of appraisal and coping.

Objective: The main objective of the study was to determine work stress among secondary school teachers in Gboko Local Government Area of Benue State. Specifically to determine the major stressors among secondary school teachers in Gboko L.G.A of Benue state, to identify the effects of these stressors on the health of secondary school teachers in Gboko L.G.A of Benue state and to identify the various methods of stress coping strategies used by secondary school teachers in Gboko L.G.A of Benue State.

Methodology: Cross-sectional descriptive survey design was used for the study to determine the work stress among teachers in Gboko L.G.A of Benue State. A total of 5 teachers (respondents) each from the randomly selected 39 secondary schools were selected to make a total of 195 sample size. The instrument of the study was questionnaire and formulated hypothesis was tested using chi-square

Results: The findings showed that secondary school teachers in Gboko L.G.A were experiencing stress in their teaching job as nearly all the teachers agree with items identified in the instrument as stressors. Inadequate salary, delayed payment of salary, delayed promotions; involuntary transfers are among poor working conditions considered highly or extremely stressful to the respondents.

 Conclusion: The stress experience was found to have both physical and mental effects on the respondents. The findings also revealed that the secondary school teachers frequently use the active behavioral and inactive (escape) strategies in managing stress.


    COMMENT - 1

  • Dr. AJIT V PANDYA (Viewer) 17th Nov 2015 - 8:42 PM
    Good morning from Dr. Ajit V Pandya form Ahmedabad ..India
    My questions / suggestion (s) are as follows…my email id is
    Watsapp no. 91 8905599852

    1.stress is regular and constant or just temparay ?

    2.was the stress from managment or students or government..?
    • Terna Mesuur Fiase (Author) 20th Nov 2015 - 6:27 PM
      Stress can be regular and constant and can also be temporary. The determinants of stress duration is the nature and the type of the stressors and the coping mechanisms put in place by the body to adjust to such stress and that put in place by the person. As for the teachers, the stress can be regular as long as those stressors are still there.
      Based on our findings, stress experienced by the teachers comes from the management, the students and government. The source of their stress is multi-factorial. Details in the main work.

  • COMMENT - 2

  • GABRIEL OMONIYI AYENI (Viewer) 19th Nov 2015 - 12:47 AM
    Dear author, weldone
    please what necessitated the choice of teachers? teachers at Gboko?
    if you had chosen another profession, using the same parameter, would you have gotten different result?
    dont you think the work would have made more impact if it had focused more on coping strategies which may be different from one population to another?
    what is the clinical, health and or public health significance of the study?

    • Terna Mesuur Fiase (Author) 20th Nov 2015 - 6:48 PM
      The choice of teachers at Gboko instead of other profession was basically on choice. However, in as much as other profession have stress secondary to their job, teachers faces so much stress resulting from the job they do. As we have it in the main work, educational systems especially in Benue State ( Gboko being one of the local governments) have always being tied to a life of crisis occasioned by shortage of funds, teachers, class rooms, teaching materials etc. However, if we had chosen another profession using same parameters we cannot precisely say what the result could be. It is only after carrying out a research that we can present the findings. So it could be same and may be different.
      The coping strategy is also captured in our study. I will suggest you read the whole article.
      The clinical significance of the study is that stress is a normal physiological condition as well as condition requiring medical and sometimes urgent attention. More, teachers, especially at the secondary school level are the mother that nurses all other profession. In that they play critical roles in building good academic background of students who will later go into different professions including nursing, medicine etc

  • COMMENT - 3

  • Matin Ahmad Khan (Viewer) 24th Nov 2015 - 11:35 AM
    A new survey of more than 30,000 U.S. teachers finds that most of them report high levels of stress and low levels of autonomy, but it also shows that they are not ready to bail on the classroom.
    Teachers said they feel particularly anxious about having to carry out a steady stream of new initiatives — such as implementing curricula and testing related to the Common Core State Standards — without being given adequate training, according to the survey..
    Source :Is the classroom a stressful place? Thousands of teachers say yes !
    • CHUKWU EMMANUEL OKECHUKWU (Viewer) 24th Nov 2015 - 4:38 PM
      Thanks so much Dr Martin Ahmad for that additional information. Really teachers pass through so many stress. We appreciate your contribution.

  • COMMENT - 4

  • Nileshkumar Madhubhai Baria (Viewer) 24th Nov 2015 - 1:54 PM
    Dr.Nileshkumar M Baria ( Viewer )
    discuss the mentally stress on teacher. this effect the physically on teachers . what is solution to become stress free ? in classroom how they become relax this strainfull situation ?
    • CHUKWU EMMANUEL OKECHUKWU (Viewer) 24th Nov 2015 - 4:48 PM
      Thanks Dr Nileshkumar for your contribution. May be the next research will focus strictly on the mental effects of stress on the teachers. The solution to become stress free rely heavily on reducing the stressors if not completely removed. Once those identified stressors are taken care of, the stress will surely go along with it.

  • COMMENT - 5

  • Dr. AJIT V PANDYA (Viewer) 25th Nov 2015 - 1:59 PM
    Good morning...... From Ajit

  • COMMENT - 6

  • Dr. AJIT V PANDYA (Viewer) 25th Nov 2015 - 2:00 PM
    Any further development
    • CHUKWU EMMANUEL OKECHUKWU (Viewer) 27th Nov 2015 - 5:33 PM
      Good day Dr. Pandya,
      There is no further development yet.
      Thanks for your contribution.