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Title: Entrepreneurship Potentials and its Role for Youth Livelihood Development

Article Number: EC2/2015/120

Authors: Molla Mekonnen Alemu

Topic: Management


The potentials of entrepreneurship for unlocking youth-led livelihood development was explored in 5 districts of Sierra Leone, West Africa. Interviews, questionnaires, focus group discussion, and field observation were used to collect data. Reports and different literatures were also reviewed. The analyses of the survey indicated that entrepreneurship has a great potential in creating employment opportunities for young women and men. Poor microfinance services, inadequate policies and strategies along with low level of enforcement and poor infrastructure account as the major problem contributors to the low levels of entrepreneurship employment opportunities for the youth in Sierra Leone. The study also revealed as entrepreneurship development has a great alternative potentials which could help to reduce the present youth unemployment rate in the country. Offering credit facilities, business management skills, mentorship and coaching services to young enterprise operators and creation of the enabling environment (reinforcing of policies and strategies) for entrepreneurship are identified as the major contributors for entrepreneurship related employment opportunities.

Key words: Entrepreneurship, youth, employment opportunities


    COMMENT - 1

  • Novlloyd Celeste (Viewer) 18th Nov 2015 - 11:36 AM
    Greetings fellow researcher.

    I read your paper and it was good. You have laid out the problems very well and also its proposed solutions. However, upon reading your objectives I was expecting to see the skills of the youth which requires entrepreneurship. This skills plus the entrepreneurship can help them too. All I see is the policy and its strategies, I understand that its beyond your scope but I think its good to include in the future research, what is the need of the youth which requires more entrepreneurship skill.

    Congrats with your paper.

  • COMMENT - 2

  • Molla Mekonnen Alemu (Author) 18th Nov 2015 - 2:28 PM
    Hi Celeste,
    Many thanks for your constructive comment, much appreciated! The article was formulated in a specific framework of the general upstream level issues which are aimed at creating the enabling environment for entrepreneurship development as a tool for empowering the youth in employment opportunities and hence the entrepreneurship skills gaps of the youth is also highlighted. Hence, if you see the details on the results and discussion section of the article you will be able to see the following sentence which highlights the issue of entrepreneurship skills gap … inadequate entrepreneurship management skills from the side of business operators as well as weak institutional arrangements to create enabling environment for the sector, …
    If you continue reading the same section, you will definitely be able to see the different type of business skills which need to be addressed … here you go …
    …business skills development which can enable young business operators to manage their businesses in the areas of business plan preparation, savings management, business expansion, records keeping, etc. will also play a significant role in the entrepreneurship development…

    Thanks again for your comment!

  • COMMENT - 3

  • YOGESH DEVIDAS SONAWANE (Viewer) 23rd Nov 2015 - 5:08 PM
    Paper is good highlight on way for entrepreneurship,
    Along with strategy, Government support on communication of such strategy & polices can create great impact on this.
    Micro finance, Structural finance can also help in big way on this.
    • Molla Mekonnen Alemu (Author) 23rd Nov 2015 - 7:35 PM
      Hi Yogesh,

      thanks for the very constructive inputs, yes the main aim is to highlight issues pertaining to entrepreneurship development which has a strong potential in creating employment opportunities for the youth.

  • COMMENT - 4

  • Elvis Asiedu (Viewer) 23rd Nov 2015 - 5:09 PM
    Hello Mr. Alemo,
    The title of your manuscript is very interesting. However it lacks so many ingredients. I want to know why you did not factor any review on entrepreneurship. I wanted to find out the demographic features of the respondents. What is the framework of your study? Thanks
    • Molla Mekonnen Alemu (Author) 23rd Nov 2015 - 7:53 PM
      Hi Elvis,
      I guess you didn't notice the title, objective and the body of the properly, because your questions seem as you have not gone through the paper thoroughly. The article has a specific framework and objective and hence designed and formulated accordingly, not sure of the "ingredients" which you mentioned is missing. Please also bear in mind as the article pinpointed "ingredients" in a comprehensive way based on the contexts of Sierra Leone only! An article has to be specific, comprehensive as well very focused and hence my article is formulated that way. The article is all about youth and entrepreneurship and youth in Sierra Leone is defined as people between the age brackets of 15 - 35 which is again clearly mentioned in the article.

  • COMMENT - 5

  • Molla Mekonnen Alemu (Author) 23rd Nov 2015 - 8:56 PM
    **... body of the article properly....

  • COMMENT - 6

  • NELSON KUSENSIO MWALE (Viewer) 25th Nov 2015 - 1:59 AM
    Dear Molla Mekonnen Alemu,
    Paper is good. However I have noted that based on the findings, the recommendations are not specific. It could help to provide concrete recommendations in relation to the findings. In this way you are providing what suggestions to what should be done by specific interest people or institutions to redeem the situation.

    Thank you very much.

  • COMMENT - 7

  • Molla Mekonnen Alemu (Author) 25th Nov 2015 - 11:05 AM
    Hi Mwale,

    thanks for the comment. The article was formulated based on its objectives and hence the recommendations are also based on the findings of the study. if you look at the below script of the recommendations are very specific and focused by pinpointing the issues to be addressed.
    .... Entrepreneurship development has a great potential on economic as well as livelihoods development. Employment promotion through entrepreneurship development should therefore focus basically on the creation of an enabling environment in terms of policy, strategy and institutional arrangements. Provision of a favourable business climate for the private sector development, in particular skills development and entrepreneurship training and start-up capital will also play a key role for the livelihoods development of the youth. The expansion of business development services which can provide coaching and mentorship services to business operators will also boost enterprises development and serve as an instrument to achieve employment creation and other desired development outcomes for youth.


  • COMMENT - 8

  • ISAAC TANDOH (Viewer) 25th Nov 2015 - 3:15 PM
    Dear Scholar,
    Your paper was brief and straight to the point. I Know for a fact that many youth in Africa run away from entrepreneurship and are always looking for white color jobs which are non existence. The youth themselves do not take initiative. Is this not a factor in Sierra Leon? I did not come across that in your study

  • COMMENT - 9

  • Molla Mekonnen Alemu (Author) 26th Nov 2015 - 4:38 PM
    Dear Isaac,
    thanks for the comment and for the excellent observation. The readiness of the youth themselves is the biggest challenge in reducing youth unemployment. In the case of entrepreneurship if you have seen one of the figures where I analyzed the gender perception of it, many are even still considering it as a woman's job and they do not go for it. This indicates as a lot needs to be done in changing the mind set of the youth towards available employment opportunities.