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Article Number: EC/2014/032

Authors: Authors’ information: Edet-Utan Oluwakemi: (Cor

Topic: Public Health


Background: Disability stretches the capability of students to cope with challenges in the course of interacting with their families and environment, particularly during the period of transition from adolescence into adulthood. Identifying factors associated with the Health Related Quality of Life (HR-QoL) of Students with Physical and Sensory Impairments (SwPSI) during adolescence may provide a basis for living productive lives and facilitating effective integration into the society. Currently, there is insufficient information on factors associated with the HR-QoL of students with physical disabilities in Nigeria.

Objective:  To determine the factors influencing Health Related Quality of Life (HR-QoL) of students with physical and sensory impairments (SwPSI) attending both special and integrated schools in Ibadan Nigeria

Methods: This is a cross sectional study where participants were selected through cluster sampling technique from both special and integrated schools. Data was obtained using both quantitative and qualitative methods of enquiry through a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire.  The Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 15 was used for data analysis.

Results: Factors such as good family environment, good personality characteristics, less severe forms of physical disability and high socio-economic status of parents were significantly associated with high HR-QoL among respondents.

Conclusion: HR-Qol of SwPSI may be improved when SwPSI interact in a good family environment, have developed a positive self-concept/personality and utilize of Individual Education Plan (IEP) in their schools.

Key words: HRQoL, Physical-disabilities, Students, Integrated schools, Special schools


    COMMENT - 1

  • EBENEZER OBI DANIEL (Viewer) 28th Jan 2015 - 2:11 PM
    I agree with your result. But is disability the same thing as being handicap? I also wish to know how you handle the ethical consideration in your research.

  • COMMENT - 2

  • EDET-UTAN OLUWAKEMI (Author) 28th Jan 2015 - 3:49 PM
    Thank you Daniel. Ethical approval was processed and approved at the University of Ibadan Teaching Hospital Ethical Regulation committee and at Oyo state, Education board. As for the difference between disability and handicap, these words are used interchangeably but they mean different things.

  • COMMENT - 3

  • EDET-UTAN OLUWAKEMI (Author) 28th Jan 2015 - 3:51 PM
    Disability - any restriction or lack of ability to perform normal functions (this could be due to impairments). While being handicap is a disadvantage for a given individual that limits or prevents the fulfilment of a role that is normal

  • COMMENT - 4

  • ABDULLAHI BUKAR (Viewer) 1st Feb 2015 - 3:14 AM
    Many children and young people with vision impairment (VI), hearing impairment (HI) or a multi-sensory impairment (MSI) will require specialist support and/or equipment to access their learning, or habilitation support. Children and young people with an MSI have a combination of vision and hearing difficulties.
    • EDET-UTAN OLUWAKEMI (Author) 2nd Feb 2015 - 1:19 PM
      I quite agree with Bukar Abdulahi. Thank you

  • COMMENT - 5

  • PIUS IZUNDU OKPOKO (Viewer) 1st Feb 2015 - 4:30 AM
    This is an interesting study of public health importance. Also, a daunting task. Thank you for indicating the 'limitations' in your study. Meanwhile, it is good to maintain a specified in-text citation. The referencing system calls for uniformity. Good work.
    • EDET-UTAN OLUWAKEMI (Author) 2nd Feb 2015 - 1:21 PM
      Thank you for the observation Dr Okpolo

  • COMMENT - 6

  • ANNA KADAA GWANFOGBE (Viewer) 4th Feb 2015 - 3:40 AM
    I believe if parents love and build self confidence in their disabled children from childhood, then the child will be able to fit in any environment and face any challenge that comes their way in the course of life. Good job.
    • EDET-UTAN OLUWAKEMI (Author) 4th Feb 2015 - 2:07 PM
      very true, because family environment itself is one of the factors influencing the HR-QoL of these children with impairments

  • COMMENT - 7

  • NZASI MUNDABI (Viewer) 7th Feb 2015 - 4:53 AM
    Totally agreed with you dear, Disability is a multi-dimensional concept and experience, arising from the interaction of health conditions and the environment (World Health Organization 2001). Although disability has been variously defined and measured, definitions used in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and the UN Convention on The Rights of Persons with Disabilities are seen as current best practice, defining individuals with disabilities as those who experience long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others !