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Article Number: EC2/2015/100

Authors: Dr. Tajudin TR, Dr Abdulmajid T, Dr Pichai Mohideen N, Dr. Abdulshakur Z, Dr Roy Rillera Marzo

Topic: Health Science


Introduction: Diabetes is a chronic disease that is rapidly increasing thus putting a huge strain on the existing overstretched health services. It is not clear how much the public knows about diabetes and its effects. Furthermore, there are not many studies that have been carried out to assess the public awareness and knowledge of diabetes among the Malaysian population specifically.

Objective(s): A study was conducted to assess the level of diabetes awareness among Malaysian diabetics and non-diabetics populations and identify areas where they lack in knowledge on diabetes in order to enhance targeted health education.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a private clinic in Muar. Five hundred and sixteen participants aged 20 years and above were asked to answer a pre-designed questionnaire. A validated questionnaire consisted of 22 questions and was divided into two sections; the demographic profile and knowledge on diabetes. Questions about knowledge on diabetes included prevalence of diabetes, risk factors, complications, management and attitude towards the use of insulin.

Results: Out of the 516 participants in the study, 78 (15%) were self-declared diabetics and 438 (85%) were non-diabetics. Around 464 participants (90%) reported that they knew a condition called diabetes. Knowledge about the prevalence of diabetes was noted as 89.7% for diabetics and 89% for non-diabetics. Participants’ knowledge on diabetes complications and treatment was observed as 74% and 75% respectively. About 44% of the total study population scored between 50-74% for the overall score of knowledge on diabetes.

Conclusion: The results reveal that the awareness of the public on diabetes is reasonably good except for a few knowledge areas such as complications and treatment strategies of diabetes. Health care professionals should focus on the areas where public lacks in knowledge on diabetes in order to increase the level of public awareness.


    COMMENT - 1

  • Bhavita Patel (Viewer) 18th Nov 2015 - 12:06 AM
    Hii.....was there difference in diabetes awareness in urban and rural population ?? is this awareness having good impact in preventing the diabetic complications ??
    • Roy Rillera Marzo (Author) 24th Nov 2015 - 6:22 PM
      Hi Bhavita
      Thank you so much for your comments. The awareness of diabetes comparing rural versus urban is one of our recommendation. We will take note of this for future research. It is really a big help in preventing complications especially that Diabetes is one of the major public health problem nowadays.

  • COMMENT - 2

  • CHUKWU EMMANUEL OKECHUKWU (Viewer) 18th Nov 2015 - 2:17 AM
    I believe the topic is not well constructed. The topic should capture both dependent and independent variables and not until someone read the objectives of the study.
    The work is so skeletal that so many important information are not captured even in the entire work. There is nothing like sampling technique, target population from which the sample size was selected, method of data analysis

  • COMMENT - 3

  • Marrie Louise Davis (Viewer) 20th Nov 2015 - 4:55 AM
    The topic was looked at from a broad perspective. No consideration was given for juvenile diabetes. Only participants 20 year and over participated." In order to enhance targeted health education" juvenile diabetes is the best target group.
    • Roy Rillera Marzo (Author) 24th Nov 2015 - 6:25 PM
      Hello Marrie
      Your suggestion is very good and that is one of the limitation of our study. For future research we will try to include it. But our study focused only for possible DM Type 2.

  • COMMENT - 4

  • IFEOLUWAPO OYEBOLA ASEKUN-OLARINMOYE (Viewer) 22nd Nov 2015 - 10:51 PM
    Dear Auhor,
    How do you mean "Self-declared" diabetics? Do they have actually have the disease condition or it is a perception? if it is indeed a perception, don't you think this has confounded your study findings or results?
    • Roy Rillera Marzo (Author) 24th Nov 2015 - 6:27 PM
      Thank you so much for your comments. It is very valuable. You are right that is one confounder of our study. We will try to improve in this area in the future.

  • COMMENT - 5

  • Matin Ahmad Khan (Viewer) 24th Nov 2015 - 11:26 AM
    This is a good topic.Chronic illnesses are not easily accepted and most patients remain in refusal mode (defence mechanism) and go for some 'herbal medicines and report late at times resulting into many complications.Awareness programs are to launched for primordial/primary prevention.
    • Roy Rillera Marzo (Author) 24th Nov 2015 - 6:30 PM
      Dr Matin thank you so much for your comments. You are correct that the study is very valuable for awareness program and a stepping stone for primary or primordial prevention especially the Malaysia has the highest incidence of Obesity in Southeast Asia which is also one risk factor for Diabetes.