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Article Number: EC2/2015/075

Authors: Ebenezer Obi Daniel

Topic: Public Health


This descriptive survey study, which was carried out in Ose local government area of Ondo State, investigated the knowledge, attitude and practices of road transport workers towards the prevention of HIV/AIDS in Ose, Ondo state, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was used as instrument. Summated scores was used to access respondents’ knowledge about HIV/AIDS, attitude towards HIV/AIDS prevention, practices towards HIV/AIDS prevention and knowledge about HIV/AIDS protective measures. Data analysis was done with SPSS version 17. Descriptive statistics of frequencies, tables, pie and bar charts were used to present the results. Chi square was used to determine the significant association between various socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge of HIV/AIDS, practice towards prevention of HIV/AIDS and knowledge of HIV/AIDS protective measures among commercial drivers.

The results of the 150 participants study revealed that many of the commercial drivers are above 30 years old (52.4%). A considerable percentage of respondents have girlfriends (27.9%), engage in extramarital sex (54.1%), and visit sex workers more than twice per week (21.4%).This study equally revealed that considerable high percentage (40%) of the respondents have poor knowledge about HIV/AIDS, while the level of education, ethnic group and number of visits to sex workers have statistically significant association with their knowledge about HIV/AIDS. It was also revealed that 100% of commercial drivers have varying degrees of poor attitude towards HIV/AIDS prevention, coupled with 93% of varying degrees of poor practice of HIV/AIDS prevention and 77% of their varying degrees of poor knowledge of HIV/AIDS protective measures. Marital status, levels of education, ethnic group and extramarital sex were found to be significantly associated with the practice of commercial drivers towards HIV/AIDS prevention. Finally, this study also discovered that level of education and occasional extramarital sex has statistically significant association with the knowledge of commercial drivers about HIV/AIDS protective measures in Ose metropolis. Helpful recommendations on how to improve the situation were made and suggestions for further research were also given.


    COMMENT - 1

  • NDWIGA TARATISIO (Viewer) 16th Nov 2015 - 3:24 PM
    Thanks for the piece of the research. How did you select your study subjects?

  • COMMENT - 2

  • NDWIGA TARATISIO (Viewer) 16th Nov 2015 - 3:27 PM
    You should have put your recommendations and suggestions in the abstract.

  • COMMENT - 3

  • EBENEZER OBI DANIEL (Author) 17th Nov 2015 - 3:11 AM
    Thank you Taratisio for your questions and comments. My study subjects/participants were selected by simple random sampling from the loading units, after appropriate consent was given and permission granted by the head of loading units.
    I appreciate your observation with respect yo my nin-inclusion of my recommendation in my abstract. I considered my abstract to be lengthy a bit, that's why I summarised the recommendation aspect.

    Thank you

  • COMMENT - 4

  • OBAJEMU ALICE OLUWATOSIN (Viewer) 17th Nov 2015 - 1:09 PM
    This is an interesting topic you have chosen. Well done.
    • EBENEZER OBI DANIEL (Author) 19th Nov 2015 - 1:03 AM
      Thank you Alice for your encouraging comment. I really appreciate.

  • COMMENT - 5

  • Terna Mesuur Fiase (Viewer) 17th Nov 2015 - 4:21 PM
    What was your study population ? And how did you arrive at 150 respondents that you sampled?
    • EBENEZER OBI DANIEL (Author) 19th Nov 2015 - 12:48 AM
      Thank you Fiase for your questions. To answer your questions, my sample population was 405 commercial drivers. I used Leslie and Kish formulae for the calculation of sample size for descriptive studies, to calculate the sample size. This gave me 138. I choose 10% attrition rate which was approximately 14. Then the total sampling size was 138+14=152. Only 150 participants responded to the questionnaire.

  • COMMENT - 6

  • OLUKAYODE ALEWI (Viewer) 18th Nov 2015 - 3:43 PM
    The educational level of these respondents can may have some effects on their sexual orientation and behavioural patterns elicited in this study. Do you check on their educational status?
    Overall, its a good work.
    • EBENEZER OBI DANIEL (Author) 19th Nov 2015 - 12:58 AM
      Thank you Alewi for your comment and question. Yes you are correct. As clearly stated in my abstract, educational status was one of the sociodemographic variables that was found to be significantly associated with the knowledge of commercial drivers about HIV/AIDS in this study

  • COMMENT - 7

  • Ilesanmi Olayinka Stephen (Viewer) 21st Nov 2015 - 7:48 PM
    Nice work the following comments will be helpful
    1. The length of the abstract is much.
    2. The formatting does not suit a manuscript
    3. Kindly remove table of contents, questionnaire e.t.c
    4. The discussion contain result, kindly remove
    5. 10% above is not attrition rate it is non response
    6. Kindly limit your recommendations to your findings, some are not from the study
    7. The use of emotional words like "it is provocative....."in summary is not usually the best in scientific writing
    8. The length should be reduced
    9. The references should be formatted appropriately
    10. The association in the result is not complete
    11.Literature review should be incorporated to the background
    12. The use of 3 dimensional charts is often not acceptable in scientific write up
    13. sampling methods not explicit enough
    14. The findings of the result should be well discussed. You found A what does A implies e.t.c