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Article Number: EC/2014/125


Topic: Nursing



This study investigated knowledge, attitude and practice toward premarital/prenatal genetic testing among young people of 15-45years of age in Sapele Local Government Area in Delta State Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was used. The population of the study consisted of the members of four major communities (Amukpe, Amuogoddo,Okirighwe and Uguanja). The respondents were selected by simple random sampling method. The research instrument was a self-constructed questionnaire. A total of 50 respondents were selected. A total 50 questionnaire were distributed and same retrieved. The objectives of the study were to determine level of knowledge of premarital/prenatal genetic testing among young people, to assess the level of practice and to identify factors influencing their attitude towards premarital/prenatal genetic testing. The rational is to enhance young people’s knowledge about premarital/prenatal genetic testing, encourage premarital/prenatal genetic screening and also reduces some of the factors influencing attitudes of young people towards premarital/prenatal genetic testing. Data collected were analyzed using frequency and percentages and were presented using tables and graphs. The study shows that 30% of the respondent level of knowledge of premarital/premarital genetic testing is of high level, 70% of the respondents have low level of knowledge and the source of information was through media (20%), health personnel (40%), friends (6%) etc. The study also showed that the level of practice is low as 80% of the respondent does not practice premarital/prenatal genetic testing, only 20% practiced it. italso shows that there are some factors influencing their attitudes towards premarital/prenatal genetic testing which include lack of knowledge (66%), non affordability (20%), non Accessibility (55) and also as a result of non availabilities of centers (15%) where premarital/prenatal genetic testing should be carried out. In conclusion, lack of basic knowledge, negative attitude and practice has a negative impact on the young people, their family ,their community and the society as a whole. It is therefore recommended that effort should be made by government, parents, and health personnel to improve knowledge, attitude and practice towards premarital/prenatal genetic testing thereby reducing the incidence rate of having children with genetic defect


    COMMENT - 1

  • REGINA EROMOMEN OWHE (Viewer) 29th Jan 2015 - 2:32 PM
    This is a good topic,are you sure that your sensitization will help change the people's perception on prenatal genetic counseling?,i think it should be a continuous exercise and machinery should be put in place
    • BRIDGET ONOIRIBHOLO IWERIEBOR (Author) 29th Jan 2015 - 4:27 PM
      Thanks Regina for your comment; For your question, I hope so. For your thought; it is going to be a continuous exercise as this research work will give birth to other research on similar issues.
      Thanks once more.

  • COMMENT - 2

  • EKAETE TOBIN (Viewer) 31st Jan 2015 - 1:40 AM
    The general concept of the study is relevant in today's public health, as genetic diseases, especially in West Africa account for an appreciable proportion of non-communicable diseases. However, the study has some flaws in the methodology the researchers adopted. For starters, there was no indication of how the sample size of 50 was calculated, pre-testing was done among people with genetic defect, and the probability sampling technique was not explained.
    The authors should restructure the study, and conduct again.

  • COMMENT - 3

  • BRIDGET ONOIRIBHOLO IWERIEBOR (Author) 2nd Feb 2015 - 5:32 AM
    Thank you EKAETE TOBIN
    I want to let you know that your observation were not correct. The point you talk about should not all appear in the abstract, below is the way the sample size was gotten. I subject you read through the whole research work and get more understanding of research. Otherwise you can research into the same topic to build into the body of knowledge of the existing research work on genetic testing among young people.
    Thank you.


    The target population consists of young people of age 15- 45 years.


    The accessible population for this study is 100 young people in Sapele in the following proportions.
    - Okirighwe -20 young people.
    - Amuogodo-36 young people.
    - Amiikpe -14 young people.
    - Uguanja -30 young people.

    The sample was obtained from 50% of the population of each of the community
    as follows:
    1. Okirighiwe

    2. Amuogodo

    3. Amukpe

    4. Uguanja

    Total = 50 young people

  • COMMENT - 4

  • CLEMENTINA OBBY EZENWUBA (Viewer) 4th Feb 2015 - 12:04 PM
    It is goo that you have gone into this type of study. Really before now, ignorant to pre-marital genetic testing had caused much marital problems especially in Africa and more especially in Nigeria where having issues after marriage is much cherished. But with introduction of such a test, many of the problems are now reduced. Yes I some how agree with Ekaete on the sampling technique used. I think the population in each village sample should have been mentioned, and then we should have been told how or what percentage that were taken from each village or the method used to select them. But anyway Ekaete should also know that this is abstract which summarizes the whole work and if she wants such details she should download the whole article and go to methodology where she can find such information

  • COMMENT - 5

  • AVI NAHAR (Viewer) 7th Feb 2015 - 9:03 PM
    Great insight into the KAP [Knowledge Attitude & Practice] for Pre-marital & Pre-natal genetic testing. The process is gaining significance in developing countries, however, cost remains the biggest hindrance. Unless & until the couple is at risk, the thought does not even strike them while the same is not true for well developed nations where it is now becoming a norm. Genetic testing facilities too are very limited in developing nations. Finally the accuracy, specificity & sensitivity of tests is questionable if the Laboratory is not a reputed one. Awareness, training & mass education along with the government intervention to bring down the cost can only lead to a successful change in attitude & practice.